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高二年级英语语法知识重点

【引语】仅有高效率的学习的方法,才能够 迅速的把握专业知识的重点难点。合理的念书方法依据规律性把握方式 ,不必一来就死记硬背的,先找出规律,再记忆力,随后再学习培训,就能迅速的把握专业知识。likeabc高二频道栏目给你梳理了《高二年级英语语法知识重点》期待对给你协助!

高二年级英语英语语法知识关键【篇一】


形容词不定式具备专有名词、修饰词和介词的特点。因而在句中能够 做主语、表语、宾语、宾语补足语、定语和状语。

一、不定式做主语:

1、不定式做主语一般表明实际的一次动作。===动名词doing 表明习惯性的,常常的动作。

e.g: To finish the building in a month is difficult.

To do such things is foolish.

To see is to believe. (对等)

注: 1). 不定式作主语时,宾语用奇数

2). 当主语较长,宾语较短时间,常见it做方式主语,而将不定式放进宾语的后边。

it做方式主语,不定式放到谓语动词以后常见于以下构造中:

(1)It is/was adj. of sb. to do…

(2) It is adj. for sb. to do…

It is easy / difficult / hard / foolish / unwise / right / wrong / unnecessary

(3) it is a 专有名词 to do...

It is a pity / a pleasure / a pleasant thing / one’s duty / an honor / a shame / a crime / no easy job… to do

It takes (sb.) some time / courage / patience …to do…

It requires courage / patience / hard work… to do…

*留意: probable 和 possible 均可作表语,但possible可以用不定式作真正主语, 而probable不能用不定式作真正主语。

It is probable for him to come to the meeting.(错)

It is possible for him to come to the meeting.

It is possible / probable that he will come to the meeting.

二、不定式做表语

主语是以aim duty hope idea intention plan job suggestion wish purpose task 等为中心语的名词词组 或以 what 正确引导的名词性从句表明,后边的不定式表明其內容, 不定式作表语常表明未来或如今的动作或情况。

eg :My idea is to climb the mountain from the north.

Your mistake was not to write that letter.

What I would suggest is to start work at once.

三、形容词不定式作宾语

以不定式构造为宾语的形容词有:

ask, agree, care, choose, demand, decide, expect, fail, help, hope, learn, manage, offer, plan, prepare, pretend, promise, rlikeabcuse, want, wish等只有用形容词不定式作宾语

口决(接不定式作宾语的形容词)

要想学习培训 早准备( want learn plan)

快提前准备 有期待( prepare hope wish expect)

愿意否 提供选择(agree offer choose)

决策了 已同意(decide be determined promise)

竭尽全力去 下手做(manage undertake)

别回绝 别装作(rlikeabcuse pretend)

不成功并不是属于你(fail)

e.g.Tom rlikeabcused to lend me his pen.

We hope to get there blikeabcore dark.

The girl decided to do it herself.

*留意:一些及物动词能用-ing也能用形容词不定式作宾语但实际意义不一样的有

stop go on remember forget

regret try mean can’t help

be used to

高二年级英语英语语法知识关键【篇二】


英语中过去分词可作宾补,(这时的过去分词一般是及物动词)表处于被动实际意义或进行实际意义,有时候二者并行不悖。做宾补的过去分词与宾语有逻辑性上的动宾关系,即宾语是过去分词动作的目标。如:

She found the door broken in when she came back.(宾补与宾语有处于被动的关联,表一种情况。)

一. 过去分词用在表情况的形容词keep,leave等的后边。

Eg:They kept the door locked for a long time.

Keep your mouth shut and your eyes open.(俗语:少说多看看)

Don't leave such an important thing undone.

Don't leave the windows broken like this all the time.

二.太过词用在get,have,make, 的后边。

1.留意“have 宾语 过去分词”的二种状况:

A)表"让别人做某件事/让某件事(被别人)做"

eg: I have had my bike repaired.

The villagers had many trees planted just then.

B)表"遭受到某类悲剧,遭受严厉打击/受....危害,遭受..... 损害"

Eg:I had my wallet stolen on a bus last month.

The old man had his leg broken in the accident.

He had his leg broken in the match yesterday.(MET1986)

2."make 宾语 过去分词",在这类构造中,过去分词的形容词务必是表明結果含意的。如:

They managed to make themselves understood in very simple English.

I raised my voice to make myself heard.

三、过去分词用在感官形容词watch,notice,see,hear,listen to ,feel,find等后边。如

When we got to school,we saw the door locked.

We can hear the windows beaten by the heavy rain drops.

He felt himself cheated.

The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see carried out the next year.(NMET2000)

四、过去分词用在want,wish,like ,expect等表明“期待,心愿”这一类动词后边做宾补。如

The boss wouldn't like the problem discussed at the moment.

I would like my house painted white.

I want the suit made to his own measure.

I wish the problem settled.

五、过去分词用在“with 宾语 宾补”这一构造中,过去分词与宾语中间是动宾关系。如:

The thilikeabc was brought in with his hands tied behind his back.

With many brightly-coloured flowers planted around the building ,his house looks like a beautiful garden.

With everything well arranged,he llikeabct the office.

六、过去分词、现在分词、和不定式作宾补的差别。

现在分词作宾补:宾语和补语中间是主谓关系。其动作与宾语动作另外开展。

过去分词作宾补:宾语和补语中间是动宾关系。其动作在于宾语动作。

不定式作宾补: 表一个进行的动作、或表一个很短期内内见到、听见或觉得到的实际动作。

eg:He didn't notice me waiting.

I heard the song sung in English.

I saw him opening the window.

I saw the window opened.

I saw him open the window.

I heard her sing the song in English.

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